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Saga

Hiragana-Dakuten/Handakuten (Grammar)

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Saga

DAKUTEN AND HANDAKUTEN

 

 

 

It's not needed to try memorize the term for these. But as being on the teaching side,it's needed to mention it properly.

Did you wonder ,in my first lesson, where are the rest of the symbols? Such as "Ji",or "Bo"?

Well,in fact,there are no new symbols for these. We will use some rules,grammar rules and two types of markers. We call it voicing the symbol.

 

DAKUTEN

dakuten.gif

 

This one is easily spotted. It looks like a quotation mark. Some refer it to "Ten-Ten". Yeah,quotation markers. You put them on the right up "corner" of the certain symbol. One thing you should know,in Japanese you'll meet a lot of "buts",as in,rules and exceptions. Here it comes my "but".

But this marker is specific. You use it only with some of the symbols you already,supposedly,know from Hiragana.

 

The rows with:

• K turns to G base (Sample: Ka turns to Ga)

• S turns to Z base; exception "Shi" turns to "ji" (Sample: Sa turns to Za)

• T turns to D base; exception "Chi" turns to "ji" and "Tsu" turns to "Zu" (Sample: Ta turns to Da)

• H turns to B base (Sample: Ha turns to Ba)

 

Important

As you might have noticed,there are two pairs of symbols that might get you confused.

Voicing 'Su' into 'Zu' and 'Tsu' into 'Zu'.

Voicing 'Shi' into 'Ji' and 'Chi' into 'Ji'.

 

Which version to use?

Well,I can say that じ and ず are the common ones.

When you bump into the kanji combinations,you'll see the exceptions with ぢ and づ. It's because of grammatical rules in kanji.

But,of course,you'll get to see the rare pair when 'tsu' is followed by a voiced 'zu'. Never doubt which one to write,it's our rare version づ.

The same goes for ぢ,if the symbol before is 'chi' and the voiced is 'ji'. No doubt,writing down the exception ぢ. (:

 

HANDAKUTEN

paiueo.gif

 

As you an see above,another marker our way.

Known as 'handakuten',or 'maru'. It looks like a degree marker. It's only used with H base to voice it into P.

• Ha => Pa

• Hi => Pi

• Fu => Pu

• He => Pe

• Ho => Po

 

Practice and don't try to memorize it as if it's a thing you'd have on an exam. Take it easy and do the recalling process.

 

Saga©

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Nena21

I have a question about maru. I saw it makes h being voiced as p. My question is, between them I see there is 'Fu => Pu'. So, it also makes f being voiced as p? Or it was hu=>pu?

And thank you for the awesome lessons, Saga! :)

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Saga

Hello there,

Actually 'fu' is an exception in 'H' row. (:

So,it's 'fu', not hu. You won't meet such a symbol in Japanese.

And you are welcome. (:

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Nena21

Thank you for the heads up, I'm a newbie, so I might ask some stupidities now and then :D

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Saga

No problem. Up to answer to any language related questions. (:

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shirotsuki

i have a doubt!! :p

i'm sure this is really simple... i'm just dumb!xD

 

but.. how about the sound "jo", "je" and so on... is it the same as in "ji"? just put that symbol?

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Saga

The answer to your question,you'll get on the thread I posted a few hours ago.

Please Register/ Sign In, in order to see the links.
.

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shirotsuki

gosh! see? i am stupid!! :p

thank you! and sorry for the dumb question... i tend to be faster than it is suppose to! xD

next time i'll read everything first...

sorry!

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Saga

You are welcome,and you are not stupid. Just impatient. ;P

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jo_suzaku

I started learning Japanese on my own and your lessons are really really helpful.

This is my second week but I still feel I haven't made any progress.

But as they say, practice makes one perfect.

 

Thanks again Saga-san ^_^

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Embracing Fujoshi

Great! I was wondering about those. Thank you very much Saga-san.

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