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Sai-Miyoshi

~German for beginners ~

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Ok hey guys ^^ So i thought id give some basic lessons in German and whoever is interested could ask questions, no matter the level ^///^

 

Lesson 1:

 

 

Greetings:

 

Guten Tag = Good Day (used the same way as good evening or good morning)

Guten Abend = Good evening

Guten Morgen = Good Morning

Hallo = Hello (simple but necessary)

 

Question words, also called W-Wörter in German:

 

Wie? = How?

Was? = What?

Wer? = Who?

Wo? = Where?

Wann? = When?

Warum?/Wieso? = Why?

Wem? = Whom?

 

Persons:

 

Ich = I

Du/Sie = You

Er = he

Sie = She

Es = it

 

Wir = We

Ihr = You

Sie = They

 

Politeness:

 

Du = Thou/Impolite

Sie = You/Polite

 

=> For the polite form, the same conjugation as the plural is used ;)

 

 

 

Key Questions:

 

Wie geht es dir? = How art thou (Casual for how are you?)

Wie geht es Ihnen? = How are you? (polite)

Wo ist die Toilette? or Wo ist das WC? = Where is the toilet?

Was machst du? = What are you doing?

Wie heisst du? = What art thou called?

Wie heissen Sie? = What are you called?

(Even though you can ask Was ist dein/Ihr Name? (whats your name) it is very uncommon)

 

 

Ok Please do tell me what you think and feel free to ask questions, but both preferably in private because i kinda want this to stay in a nice order XD

 


[video=youtube;85fu-BwG1yc]

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Lesson 2 - Countries

 

Grammar:

 

For the polite form, one uses the second person plural.

Example: Was machen SIE? = What are you doing? + What are they doing?

Remark: When you see it written, normally the "SIE" will have a capital S if the singular is meant.

 

Questions concerning countries:

 

Woher kommst du? = Where dost thou come from? (This question does not imply a country)

Woher kommen Sie? = Where do you come from?

Aus welchem Land bist du? = From which country art thou?

Aus welchem Land sind Sie? = from Which country are you?

Welche Nationalität hast du? = What nationality dost thou have? (Not a very common way to ask)

Welche Nationalität haben Sie? = What nationality do you have?

Wo wohnst du? = Where dost thou live?

Wo wohnen Sie? = Where do you live?

 

Different countries (sorry if yours wasn't mentioned):

 

Amerika = America

Deutschland = Germany

Österreich = Austria

England = England

Frankreich = France

Spanien = Spain

Kanada = Canada

China = China

Die Philipinen = The Philippines

Vietnam = Vietnam

Australien = Australia

 

Nationalities (male):

Remark: These are nouns, not adjectives

 

Amerikaner = American

Deutscher = German

Österreicher = Austrian

Engländer = English

Franzose = French

Spanier = Spanish

Kanadier = Canadian

Chinese = Chinese

Philipiner = Philippino (extremely awkward, you'd rather say "I am from...")

Vietnamese = Vietnamese

Australier = Australian

 

 

Nationalities (female):

Remark: These are nouns, not adjectives

 

Amerikanerin = American

Deutsche = German

Österreicherin = Austrian

Engländerin = English

Franzosin = French

Spanierin = Spanish

Kanadierin = Canadian

Chinesin = Chinese

I literally have no idea = Philippino

Vietnamesin = Vietnamese

Australierin = Australian

 

Nationalities (adjectives):

 

Amerikanisch = American

Deutsch = German

Österreichisch = Austrian

Englisch = English

Französisch = French

Spanisch = Spanish

Kanadisch = Canadian

Chinesisch = Chinese

Philippinisch = Philippino

Vietnamesisch = Vietnamese

Australisch = Australian

 

 


[video=youtube;vw4vG-3cmZA]

 

Ok sorry, nationalities are not my strong point, because most of the time you just say where you are from.

Please with questions message me ;)

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Oh that's nice thank you!

 

I live next to the German border and since I've arrived I'm thinking about learning German.. so yeah 5 years ago I learnt numbers and stuff and forgot most of it yoyo

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Thanks for tips. I am newbie in learning Germany, but have strong motivation to learn it. I am college student and study international politic so I need to know foreign languages very well. I will work on my essay now, analytical essay example I found on link

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